Author Archives: lwmays

Ephesus 2017

Ephesus (or Ephesos or Ephes) is located in the western part of Turkey along the Aegean Sea near the historical town of Selcuk (Seljuk), which is between  Izmir (ancient Symrna) and Aydin.  Ephesus was originally constructed on a bay where … Continue reading

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Ancient Bidar Fort

Bidar Fort is situated in Bidar, India in the northern plateau of Karnataka, India. The fort, the city and the district all have the name Bidar. Sultan Alla-Ud Din Bahman of the Bahmanid Dynasty shifted his capital from Gulbarga to … Continue reading

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Water features of Ancient Samos

Samos island is a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea off the coast of Turkey (modern city of Kusadasi), from which it is separated by the 1.6-kilometre (1.0 mi)-wide Mycale Strait Samos. The Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, after whom … Continue reading

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Water Technologies at Ancient Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey)

Smyrna   Fountain Drainage channel Retaining wall at end of channel Retaining wall to store drainage water     Cistern Cistern Fountain Fountain Channel Channel and cistern entrance at gate Well Well Channel under stone slabs

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Tunnel of Samos (Eupalinus Tunnel)

  The Eupalinus Tunnel (Tunnel of Samos) was part of the ancient city of Samo’s aqueduct.  The tunnel was built in the mid-6th century B.C. and has been referred to as one of the most significant technical achievement of antiquity.  The … Continue reading

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Karez at Naubad, Bidar, India

The Naubad Karez is estimated to have been constructed (by the Bahmani kings) during the Bahmani period (1347-1518 A.D.) in Bidar in the state of Karnataka, India.  The Bahmanis had their roots in Iran adopting their knowledge of qanats (or karez).  Bidar … Continue reading

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Puquios of Nasca in the Peruvian Desert

Nasca and the puquios The Nasca region is located in the Peruvian Desert The Nasca culture (AD 1 – 750) was a period which has been divided into an early period (AD 1 – 400), a transactional period (AD 400 … Continue reading

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