Roman Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria)

The contemporary city of Varna originated as a settlement named as Odessos in the 5-th century B.C. by Greek settlers from Millet in Asia Minor.  The Pontic settlement was founded around 570 B.C.  In addition to the Greeks the inhabitants were Thraceans, Romans, settlers from Asia Minor and other ethnic origins.  Ruins are located in the ancient part of Varna not far from the sea

Roman Thermae

The Romans built the thermae (baths) that became significant and magnificent monuments of the ancient architecture during the end of the 2nd century AD.  The baths occupied an area over 7,000 square meters.  Surviving walls reach 22 meters in height at some locations.

DSC_3342 (2)

Photo taken at modern day entrance to site on west side of the thermae.

DSC_3543 (2)

Photo taken at modern day entrance to site on west side of the thermae.

DSC_3541

Underground gallery  of shops on west side of thermae looking north

DSC_3533 (2)

Underground gallery of shops on west side of thermae looking south

DSC_3523 (2)

DSC_3537 (2)

Area of shops

DSC_3401 (2)

Looking to entrance

DSC_3364 (2)

Western apodyterium (dressing room)

DSC_3403 (2)

DSC_3395 (3)

Basilica hall

DSC_3380 (2)

Basilica hall – view from northwest

DSC_3382 (2)

Basilica hall – view from northeast

DSC_3426 (2)

Washbasin

DSC_3427 (2)

Washbasin

DSC_3351 (2)

Channel section

DSC_3462 (2)

DSC_3428 (2)

Hypocaustum or underfloor heating system – showing terracotta pipe.

DSC_3477 (2)

Hypocaustum

DSC_3457 (2)

 

DSC_3503 (2)

Praefurnium – service gallery

DSC_3514 (2)

 

DSC_3450 (2)

Caldarium (on south side)

DSC_3480 (2)

 

DSC_3484 (2)

 

DSC_3411 (2)

Carved marble cornice – fridgidarium

DSC_3441 (2)

Piscina – pool in fridgidarium

DSC_3507 (3)

Area outside praefurnium

DSC_3437 (2)

Hercules’ club – architectural detail

 

Sewer system at Odessos

DSC_3696 (2)

 

DSC_3686 (2)

 

DSC_3689 (3)

DSC_3680 (2)

 

Main aqueduct of ancient Odessos and the entry point into the Odessos Fortress were discovered by archaeologists in Varna at the site of an excavation for a building with the ground floor being a coffee shop with the aqueduct and fortress wall remains seen from inside the coffees shop through the floor and viewing wall.

DSC_3666 (2)

Aqueduct – 25 cm diameter

DSC_3668 (2)

Fortress wall and aqueduct

DSC_3649 (2)

Photo of aqueduct taken through glass floor of Muro Coffee Shop.

DSC_3672 (2)

Coffee shop (Muro) where main aqueduct was found during excavation for foundation of building.

More information of the aqueduct can be found in https://archaeologyinbulgaria.wordpress.com

We visited Assist. Prof. Dr. Hirsto Kuzov of the Varna Museum of Archaeology who was instrumental in the success of this excavation and protection of the remains.

Small bath of Odessos

DSC_3758 (2)

 

DSC_3759 (2)

 

DSC_3765 (2)

 

DSC_3776 (2)

Shows Black Sea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Turkey 2019 – Ancient Magnesia

Magnesia was built around 400 B.C. on the slopes of Mount Thorax by the banks of the Lethaios River.

Reference: Magnesia on the Meander (Magnesia ad Maeandrum) Prof. Dr. Orhan Bingol.

DSC_8383 (2)

Following photos of latrine

DSC_8475 (2)

DSC_8589 (2)

Photo has Source: Archives of Magnesia Excavations, drawing (2D-3D): Hakan Anay, rendering: Mert Ulutas.

Following photos of hypocaust building

DSC_8597 (2)

Reference: Magnesia on the Meander (Magnesia ad Maeandrum) Prof. Dr. Orhan Bingol. Plan of Hypocaust source: O. Yilmaz, 2000.

Following photos of Stadium

DSC_8580 (2)

Above photo of Stadium, Source: Archives of Magnesia Excavations, drawing: Kutay Karabag (3D), rendering UCLA.

DSC_8630 (2)

DSC_8638 (2)

DSC_8641 (2)

DSC_8647

DSC_8643 (2)

DSC_8652 (2)

DSC_8658 (2)

Following photos of Theatron

DSC_8584 (2)

Above photo of reconstruction from a 3-D laser scan,  Archives of Magnesia Excavations, drawing by Kutay Karabag (3D).

DSC_8619 (2)

DSC_8613 (2)

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Turkey 2019 – Selcuk

DSC_8722 (2)

Byzantine cistern and aqueduct

DSC_8686 (2)

 

 

DSC_8684 (2)

DSC_8671 (2)

DSC_8663 (2)

DSC_8705 (2)

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Turkey 2019 -Ancient Metropolis, Ancient Teos, and Ancient Erythrai

Ancient Metropolis

DSC_8889 (2)

DSC_8862

DSC_8905 (2)

DSC_8914 (2)

DSC_9157 (2)

DSC_8969 (2)

DSC_8978 (2)

Following photos are of the odeion/bouleuterion

DSC_8976 (2)

DSC_8979 (2)

DSC_8985 (2)

DSC_9000 (2)

DSC_9010 (2)

Following photos of bath and latrine

DSC_9017 (2)

DSC_9050 (2)

DSC_9057 (2)

DSC_9066 (2)

DSC_9071 (2)

DSC_9075 (2)

DSC_9077 (2)

DSC_9109 (2)

DSC_9105 (2)

Above photo: Furnace (Praefurnium)

Following photos of latrine

DSC_9134 (2)

DSC_9142 (2)

DSC_9168 (2)

DSC_9174 (2)

 

DSC_9206

DSC_9204 (2)

DSC_9201 (2)

DSC_9189 (2)

Ancient Teos near Sagcik, Turkey

DSC_9388 (3)

DSC_9439 (3)

DSC_9395 (3)

Cistern

DSC_9573 (2)

DSC_9585 (2)

DSC_9544

DSC_9556 (2)

DSC_9549 (2)

 

Ancient Erythrai, Ildiri, Turkey

DSC_9629 (2)

DSC_9635 (2)

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Turkey 2019 – Ancient Stratonicea and Ancient Iassos

Ancient Stratonicea

DSC_7509 (2)

DSC_7522 (2)

DSC_7439 (4)

DSC_7440 (2)

DSC_7475 (2)

DSC_7479 (2)

DSC_7482 (2)

DSC_7616 (2)

DSC_7634

DSC_7642 (2)

DSC_7639 (2)

DSC_7665

DSC_7668 (2)

DSC_7671 (2)

DSC_7651

DSC_7615 (2)

DSC_7656

OSO_4567

OSO_4568

DSC_7689 (2)

OSO_4584

OSO_4587

 

DSC_7684 (2)

OSO_4559

Ancient Iassos

OSO_5128

OSO_5130

OSO_5189

OSO_5157

OSO_5140

OSO_5150

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Turkey 2019 – Ancient Halicarnassus, Ancient Kuanos, and Ancient Aphrodisias

Ancient Halicarnassus, Bodrum, Turkey

DSC_7055 (3)

DSC_7071 (2)

Ancient Kuanos, Dalyan, Turkey

DSC_7264 (3)

DSC_7352

OSO_4174 (2)

OSO_4246

OSO_4268

Ancient Aphrodisias

DSC_8225

Tetrapylon

DSC_8234

Nymphaeum

DSC_7872 (2)

Theater

DSC_7937 (2)

DSC_7921 (2)

DSC_7957 (2)

South Agora with pool in center

DSC_7988 (2)

Hadrianic bath complex

DSC_8031 (2)

DSC_7997 (2)

DSC_8004 (2)

DSC_8008 (2)

DSC_8016 (3)

DSC_8045 (2)

DSC_8060 (2)

OSO_4910

DSC_8079 (2)

Odeion / Bouleuterion

DSC_8147

Stadium

DSC_8139

Stadium

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Jordan 2019 -Petra and Amman

Petra

DSC_5585

DSC_5318 (2)

DSC_5227 (2)

DSC_5220 (2)

DSC_5302 (2)

DSC_5298 (2)

DSC_5313 (2)

DSC_5340 (2)

DSC_5346 (2)

DSC_5347 (2)

DSC_5350 (2)

DSC_5355 (2)

 

DSC_5408

DSC_5404 (2)

DSC_5381 (2)

DSC_5385 (2)

DSC_5414 (2)

DSC_5475 (2)

DSC_5510 (2)

DSC_5517 (2)

DSC_5526 (2)

DSC_5551 (2)

DSC_5563 (2)

Amman (Ancient Philadelphia)

Ancient Roman Theatre

DSC_5735

DSC_5749 (2)

DSC_5762 (2)

DSC_5808 (2)

 

DSC_5747 (2)

Bouleuterion/Odeion

DSC_5782

OSO_2618 (2)

DSC_5795 (2)

DSC_5791 (2)

DSC_5799 (2)

DSC_5802 (2)

DSC_5788 (2)

Nymphaeum

DSC_5715 (2)

DSC_5616 (2)

DSC_5621 (2)

DSC_5711 (3)

DSC_5628 (2)

DSC_5706 (2)

DSC_5633 (2)

OSO_2501 (2)

DSC_5665 (2)

DSC_5668

DSC_5637 (2)

DSC_5640 (2)

 

DSC_5717

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Greek Roman Theatre of Catania, Sicily Parco Archeologico Greco Romano di Catania

Located at Via Vittorio Emanuele II 266, 95124 Catania, Sicily, Italy.  Entrance shown below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment