Ancient Water Systems of Turkey

The remains of hydraulic works from 4000 years make Anatolia one of the overwhelming open-air museums of its kind. – Professor Unal Ozis

Aqueduct of Mylasa

Mylasa

Mylasa

Aqueduct arcade of aqueduct that supplied Mylasa located at Milas, Turkey

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Aqueduct arcade of aqueduct that supplied Mylasa located at Milas, Turkey

Ephesus

Ephesus

Ephesus

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Aqueduct bridge of the Selinus aqueduct to Ephesus.

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Lead pipe used in aqueduct. Located in museum at Selchik

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Cistern along the Selinus aqueduct in Selchik

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Fountain of Trajan constructed during the beginning of the second century AD.

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TERRACOTTA PIPE

Pipes

AQUEDUCT

Latrine

Latrine

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Water facility inside a house

Aspendos, Turkey

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North tower of the triple siphon.

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Taken inside the north tower of the triple siphon

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Aqueduct arcade of the triple siphon

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Fountain of Aspendos supplied by the aqueduct

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South tower of the triple siphon

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Aqueduct arcade of the triple siphon showing the south tower in the background

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Drainage system channels

Iasos

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Cistern

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Cistern

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Cistern

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Aqueduct arcade

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Aqueduct arcade

Miletas, Turkey

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Fountain with aqueduct in background

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Model of fountain at Miletas at the Museum of the Ancient Roman Civilization, rome Italy

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View of aqueduct and side of fountain at Miletus

Pergamon near Bergama, Turkey

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Theatre with Bergama in the background

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Location of the double siphon showing the venter bridges

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Venter bridge

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Perge

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Fountain

Two-story monumental fountain where water overflowed into a canal that divided the colonnaded street.  Covered canal delivered water to a pool behind the façade.  Water from the pool flowed through an opening just below the reclining statue of the river god Cestrus.
Fountain and the canal downstream which divided the colonnaded street.

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Canal downstream of fountain. Canal divided the colonnaded street

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View showing backside of fountain

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Bath at Perge

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Bath showing hypocaust.

Side, Turkey

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Temple of Apollo

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Temple of Apollo

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Fountain at Side

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Close-up view of fountain at Side

Alabonda

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Patara

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Inverted siphon made of stone blocks

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Stone pipe block showing male end.

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Stone pipe block showing female end.

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Stone pipe block with guide for sluice gate.

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Stone pipe block with drain outlet.

Priene

Priene was a Helenistic town situated at the northern shore of the Gret Meandros River.

 

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Termessos

Termessos was an ancient Pisidian city locatedabout 53 km northwest of Antalya, Turkey in a valley on the steep slopes of theGulluk in the Taurus Mountains at an elevation of over 1,000 m.  What is known of the history of Termessos begins when Alexander the Great surrounded the city in 333 BC, but failed to conquer.  The people of Termessos were the Solyms, not Greeks, and spoke a language referred to as Solymish.ermessos

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Cistern

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Cistern on mountain side near entrance to Termessos

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Line of cisterns with five opennings

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Cistern

Istanbul

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(Photo by Susi Mays)

Valens Aqueduct

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The Valens Aqueduct was built by Hadrian in 368 A.D., but was restored by emperor Valens.  The aqueduct is about 15 km from the Mazul Aqueduct.

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Valens aqueduct

Aqueduct_of_Valens

 

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Ottoman water tower accross from Haghia Sophia, on top of which was a container.  Thirty of the original water towers still exist.  This tower is at the Basicilica Cistern

Basilica Cistern

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Yerebatan Basilica Cistern (138 x 64.5 m with 336 columns (Photo by Susi Mays)

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Basilica Cistern

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Madusa head

Ottoman Empire

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Taksim and Kirkcesme Water Systems – Ottoman Period

The Kirkcesme water system was constructed between 1554 and 1563.

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Kirkcesme Water System

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Bas Havuz

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Bashavuz pool (sediment pool) of the Kirkcesme water system.  Located at the confluence of the eastern and western branches of the Kirkcesme water system.  Cylindrical in shape the diameter is 13.83 meters at the entrance and theh second stage is 9.80 meters in diameter, and can have a depth of 7.98 meters.

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Taksim  Water System

The Taksim Water System was built between 1731 and 1839 at various stages.

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Sultan Mahmud Dam built by Mahmud II in 1839.  (Photo by Susi Mays)

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Inscription by written by Ziver and the calligraphy by Mustafa Izzet.  On top is the seal of Mahmud II

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(Photo by Susi Mays)

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(Photo by Susi Mays)

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Su Luleleri A Lule is 52 cubic meters per day)

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(Photo by Susi Mays)

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(Photo by Susi Mays)

Kirkcesme Water System

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Kirikkemer aqueduct bridge (part of the Kirkcesme water system)

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Gallery (Photo by Susi Mays)

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(Photo by Susi Mays)

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2 Responses to Ancient Water Systems of Turkey

  1. irrigationsrilanka says:

    Very informative. Feel like I was there at these sites. Thanks for sharing.

  2. lwmays says:

    Thank you very much irrigationsrilanka.

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