Ancient Water Technologies and Hydraulic Devices

Ancient Water Technologies

Figure 1.3

Qanatfoggara (North Africa) , falaj (United Arab Emirates, Arabia), khattara/ketthara (Morocco), galerias (Spain), karez/kariz (Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan), kanjering (China), which is a collection and conveyance system for groundwater that was originally developed in Persia.

Greek Water Technologies

Forthcoming

Roman Water Technologies

Figure 7.2

Components of Roman water supply systems

Turkey 2 09 641

Aqueduct arcade in Iasos, Turkey

Day 1 & 2 391

Aqueduct arcade of the Aqua Claudia ith the Aqua Anio Novus near the Roma Vecchia  outside of Rome.

00740002

Castellum divisorium (Nimes, France)

Metz France 2007 078

Aqueduct of Gorze (underground portion)

034_31A

Aqueduct bridge, Terragona, Spain

fabretti09 aqueduct 2

Frabretti

Museum of the Ancient Roman Civilization, Rome, Italy

Day 1 Roman Museum 206

Roman tap (rotary plug) made of bronze

Day 1 Roman Museum 150

Roman tap (rotary plug) made of bronze

Day 1 Roman Museum 166

Roman tap (rotary plug) made of bronze

Susi Day 2 083

Model of the Porta Maggoire in Rome

Day 1 Roman Museum 061

Model of four chambered settling tank (piscina lumaria on the aqueduct Virgo, 19 B.C.) that was located on Pincian Hill in Rome.  Water entered the upper left chamber and flowed down to the lower chamber on the left then to the lower chamber on the right, then flows up to the upper chamber on the right and then to the aqueduct.

Day 1 Roman Museum 053

Model of castellum divorsium at Nimes, France

Day 1 Roman Museum 222

Model of fountain at Miletus

Day 1 Roman Museum 095

Model of the overland section of the Aqua Marcia at Fosso dell” Acqua Rossa, Gallicano rel Lazio, Italy 144 B.C.

Day 1 Roman Museum 008

Model of the overland section of the Aqua Marcia at Fosso dell” Acqua Rossa, Gallicano rel Lazio, Italy 144 B.C.

Day 1 Roman Museum 067

Model of the entrance to the man-made outlet of Lake Albano, Albano, Italy, early 4th century B.C.

Day 1 Roman Museum 240

Day 1 Roman Museum 126

Hydraulis

Components of water systems

100_1134

Stone drain grate

Greece 1 2006 135

Stone grain grate

Figure 7.11 (c)

Plug to underground channel (Perge, Turkey)

TERRACOTTA PIPE

Terracotta pipe (Ephesus, Turkey)

Turkey 5 09 Ephesus 319

Lead pipe with stone collars (Ephesus, Turkey)

Day 4 619

Lead pipe (Herculaneum, Italy)

Turkey 5 09 Ephesus 762

Segment of stone siphon (Patara, Turkey)

Day 4 111

Turkey 2 09 506

Multipurpose basin in the distrbution system of Priene, Turkey.  One pipe entered the distribution basin and four pipes were fed from this basin.

Day 4 176

Terracotta pipes for roof drainage into cistern below floor of building.  Part of the rainfall harvesting in Pompeii, Italy.

 

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